د پښتو الفبا
الِفـبای پـښـتـو

The Pashto alphabet
The Pushto alphabet


#    حَرف   اشكـال اِســـم Name Note Unicode
0 ء   هَمزَه hamzah ar U+0621
   ٔ   ـ‍ٔ‏         U+0654
1 ا ‍ا الِف alif   U+0627
1a آ ‍آ الِف مَدَّه alif maddah   U+0622
1b أ ‍أ الِفِ مَهموز alif-i mahmūz ar U+0623
2 ب ب‍ ‍ب‍ ‍ب بې   U+0628
3 پ پ‍ ‍پ‍ ‍پ پې fa U+067E
4 ت ت‍ ‍ت‍ ‍ت تې   U+062A
5 ټ ټ‍ ‍ټ‍ ‍ټ ټې ṭē = t.ē ps U+067C
6 ث ث‍ ‍ث‍ ‍ث ثې sē = sē ar U+062B
7 ج ج‍ ‍ج‍ ‍ج جيم jīm   U+062C
8 چ چ‍ ‍چ‍ ‍چ چې čē = chē fa U+0686
9 ځ ځ‍ ‍ځ‍ ‍ځ ځې dzē ps U+0681
10 څ څ‍ ‍څ‍ ‍څ څې tsē ps U+0685
11 ح ح‍ ‍ح‍ ‍ح حای حُطي Hā-yi HuTTī ar U+062D
12 خ خ‍ ‍خ‍ ‍خ خې xē = khē   U+062E
13 د ‍د دال dāl   U+062F
14 ډ ‍ډ ډال ḍāl = d.āl ps U+0689
15 ذ ‍ذ ذال zāl = zāl ar U+0630
16 ر ‍ر رې   U+0631
17 ړ ‍ړ ړې ṛē = r.ē ps U+0693
18 ز ‍ز زې   U+0632
19 ژ ‍ژ ژې žē = zhē fa U+0698
20 ږ ‍ږ ږې ẓ̌ē = ž.ē | ğ′ē ps U+0696
21 س س‍ ‍س‍ ‍س سين sīn   U+0633
22 ش ش‍ ‍ش‍ ‍ش شين šīn = shīn   U+0634
23 ښ ښ‍ ‍ښ‍ ‍ښ ښين ṣ̌īn = š.īn | x′īn ps U+069A
24 ص ص‍ ‍ص‍ ‍ص صاد Sād ar U+0635
25 ض ض‍ ‍ض‍ ‍ض ضاد Żād ar U+0636
26 ط ط‍ ‍ط‍ ‍ط طا ar U+0637
27 ظ ظ‍ ‍ظ‍ ‍ظ ظا ar U+0638
28 ع ع‍ ‍ع‍ ‍ع عَيْن ‘ain = ‘ayn ar U+0639
29 غ غ‍ ‍غ‍ ‍غ غَيْن ğain = ghayn   U+063A
30 ف ف‍ ‍ف‍ ‍ف فې   U+0641
31 ق ق‍ ‍ق‍ ‍ق قاف qāf   U+0642
32 ك ك‍ ‍ك‍ ‍ك كاف kāf   U+0643
32a ک ک‍ ‍ک‍ ‍ک کاف kāf fa U+06A9
33 گ گ‍ ‍گ‍ ‍گ گاف gāf fa U+06AF
33a ګ ګ‍ ‍ګ‍ ‍ګ ګاف gāf ps U+06AB
34 ل ل‍ ‍ل‍ ‍ل لام lām   U+0644
34a لا ‍لا لام الِف lām alif    
35 م م‍ ‍م‍ ‍م ميم mīm   U+0645
36 ن ن‍ ‍ن‍ ‍ن نون nūn   U+0646
36a نړ ‍نړ نون ړې nūn ṛē = nūn r.ē PK  
37 ڼ ڼ‍ ‍ڼ‍ ‍ڼ ڼون ṇūn = n.ūn ps U+06BC
38 و ‍و واو wāw   U+0648
38a ؤ ‍ؤ واوِ مَهموز wāw-i mahmūz ar U+0624
39
 
ه
 
ه‍ ‍ه‍ ‍ه
 
گرده هې ،‏
های هَوَّز
gărdah hē,
hā-yi hawwaz 
  U+0647
 
39a ۀ ‍ۀ های مَهموز hā-yi mahmūz fa U+06C0
40 ی ی‍ ‍ی‍ ‍ی يای مَعروف yā-yi ma‘rūf   U+06CC
40a
 
ي
 
ي‍ ‍ي‍ ‍ي
 
سَخته يې ،‏
يای مَعروف
saxtah yē,
yā-yi ma‘rūf 
  U+064A
 
40b
 
ې
 
ې‍ ‍ې‍ ‍ې
 
پَسته يې ،‏
يای مَجهول
pastah yē,
yā-yi majhūl 
ps
 
U+06D0
 
40c
 
ئ
 
ئ‍ ‍ئ‍ ‍ئ
 
هَمزَه ؛
يای فِعلي
hamzah;
yā-yi fi‘lī 
  U+0626
 
40d
 
ۍ
‍ۍ
 
ښځينه يې ،‏
يای تانيث
ṣ̌ădzīnah yē,
yā-yi tānīs 
ps
 
U+06CD
 
40e ے ‍ے يای مَقلوب yā-yi maqlūb PK U+06D2
40f
 
ۓ
‍ۓ
 
يای مَقلوبِ
‎  مَهموز
yā-yi maqlūb-i
  mahmūz 
PK
 
U+06D3
 

The Pashto alphabet consists of 40 letters with the following additions:
Symbol 0, except on letter 9, denotes a glottal stop ‹’› or a shwa ‹ă›.
Letter 1a denotes ‹’ā›.
Letters 32a, 33a, 40a are variants of letters 32, 33, 40.
Ligature 34a is sometimes regarded as one letter.
Digraph 36a is equivalent to letter 37.
Letter 40a denotes ‹ī›, which is known in Arabic.
Letter 40b denotes ‹ē›, which is unknown in Arabic.
Letter 40c denotes final ‹ăy› or medial ‹’›.
Letter 40d denotes final ‹ăy› in feminine nouns.
Letter 40e denotes final ‹ē› or final ‹ay›.
Letter 40f denotes final ‹ăy›.

Notes
ar   Mainly in Arabic loanwords
fa   Letter from the Persian (Farsi) alphabet
ps   Pashto letter outside the Persian alphabet
PK   Letter used in Peshawar, Pakistan

Further reading
Computer locale requirements for Afghanistan
Enabling Pakistani languages through Unicode [PDF]


Valid HTML 4.01
Andreas Prilop
21 August 2013